How Can Meditation Therapy Help Treat Substance Abuse?
An Overview of Meditation
Meditation is a powerful yet simple technique with many health benefits, including reducing stress and anxiety. Due to the impactful effects of meditation it has become more available in both substance abuse and general wellness circles as a form of therapy. The overall goal of meditation is to synchronize the mind and body for improved mental wellbeing and an enhanced quality of life. By taking deep breaths, chanting a mantra (or another focused word), and focusing on the breath, the result is increased awareness and connection.
Types of Meditation and Benefits
Meditation is characterized by a crossed-legged seated posture, called the lotus pose, accompanied by deep, slowed breathing. Similar to yoga, meditation can help reduce feelings of depression, anxiety, and emotional triggers, while changing brainwaves. There are also several methods that offer slightly different benefits.
- Mindfulness meditation, is one of the most popular methods of meditation and focuses on increasing focus, concentration, and awareness.
- Zen meditation brings about calmness and encourages non-reactivity. It reinforces attention to the present moment, encouraging practitioners to focus on the here-and-now and clear their past.
- Guided meditation can encourage someone to visualize peaceful mental images as someone facilitates it with guidance.
- Transcendental meditation involves a silent mantra and teaches effortlessness as a means to achieve peace and reduce stress.
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Meditation Therapy for Substance Abuse
With many of meditation’s benefits, it is clear it can be ideal for substance abuse relief to combat symptoms of withdrawal, triggers, and cravings. The benefits of meditation include:
- Reduced depression and anxiety (including social anxiety)
- Significantly reduced stress
- Increased concentration
- Improved mood
- Reduced PTSD and ADHD symptoms
- Increased creativity
- Improved attention
- Reduced brain activity
- Emotional stability
- Increased focus
- Increased academic performance
- Decreased insomnia
- Reduced Post Acute Withdrawal Symptoms (PAWS)
- Increased strength
- Increased flexibility
- Reduced risk of relapse
Other benefits of meditation therapy include the ability to alter brainwaves, which contribute to improved psychological function and cortisol reduction. Mindfulness practice can enhance the performance of the frontal cortex, the area of the brain that regulates planning and thinking. Meditation also impacts the amygdala, which reduces fear, and increases the activation of the anterior cingulate cortex, governing motivation and motor control.
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Meditation Therapy and Withdrawal
In cases of withdrawal-related symptoms such an anxiety, insomnia, or depression, meditation can assist in grounding the individual and calming the nervous system. A calm nervous system enhances the overall quality of sleep, and during times of wakefulness, it enables better moods. Furthermore, those suffering emotionally imbalanced thoughts from disorders like Obsessive Compulsive Disorder can learn to observe thoughts without attachment. Meditation therapy also allows someone to actively regain control over impulses. For example, transcendental meditation has been used to reduce drug, alcohol, and nicotine abuse and the risk of relapse.
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Meditation Therapy, Substance Abuse, and Endorphins
Another element of meditation for substance abuse treatment is the release of dopamine or “feel good chemicals” sought out by those struggling with addiction. A study by Molecular Psychiatry indicated the low levels of dopamine once someone abusing drugs experience when “crashing,” contrasting it with a John F. Kennedy study. The John F. Kennedy revealed a 65% boost in the minds of participants during meditation. Any co-occurring or undiscovered motivations for substance abuse, such as filling a void, thinking the worst-case scenario, or feeling anxious can improve with meditation.
A John F. Kennedy revealed a 65% boost in the minds of participants during meditation.
Meditation Therapy, Focus and Awareness
Meditation therapy allows practitioners to feel at peace in the moment. With this, someone with trouble focusing on daily activities and craving substance instead can learn present moment awareness through the breath. If someone includes yoga in their practice, he or she has a better method to achieve wellness and control over one’s mental activity. Meditation can aid Cognitive Behavioral Therapy by reinforcing focusing on one’s behavior similar to a mindful practice. Lastly, meditation can teach individuals to accept what is, put the past in perspective, or create intentions which are beneficial for someone in treatment.
Discover a Life Changing Practice in Treatment
Meditation is becoming more available as a holistic treatment for substance abuse. Individuals seeking a life of transformation can begin so by contacting a treatment provider who can place them in a facility offering yoga and meditation. Prospective patients can discover the different types of treatments that can help him or her thrive in wellness. Make the first step, and learn how meditation treatment and medications can set you free from addiction.