Alcohol And Oxycodone
Roughly 2 million Americans have struggled with opioid abuse, with over 100 people dying each day. Additionally, there was a reported 58.8 million oxycodone prescriptions written in 2013, revealing the demand for the prescription opioid. Such increases in opioids have stemmed from a combination of prescription opioids and synthetic opioids. Some patients who once abused prescription opioids have transitioned to street-grade fentanyl, heroin, and carfentanil as they have developed a tolerance. Once they become dependent on such opioids, it is extremely challenging to stop use. Alcohol is also a highly abused substance responsible for claiming the lives of Americans daily.
People can mix alcohol and oxycodone together to intensify the effects of the drug. Furthermore, people may begin using alcohol or oxycodone independently, and if he or she has a pre-existing use disorder with either substance, this can lead to experimentation. Depending on the frequency of use and side effects this combination produces on the individual, he or she can continue using this combination until problems occur. Those who combine alcohol and oxycodone have an increased risk of respiratory depression and an increased risk of fatally overdosing. Individuals can stop breathing due to the effect the 2 drugs have on the body. Furthermore, it can induce high blood pressure, and encourage comas.
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The Effects Of Oxycodone Combined With Alcohol
Oxycodone, also referred to as its brand name OxyContin, is an opioid used to treat chronic pain. Similar to other opioids like heroin, fentanyl, and Morphine, it is a powerful and addictive substance that has high potential for abuse. It should be taken as prescribed by a doctor and has side effects that can change based on drugs combined with it. Oxycodone can last up to 12 hours, and can function to relieve pain. Those taking it can experience:
- Slowed breathing
- Decreased heart rate
- Fluid in the spine and brain
- Vision problems
In comparison to the use of other opioids involved in the opioid crisis, individuals who take oxycodone can become addicted, choosing to feed their addiction with more potent substances. In many cases, those battling an opioid use disorder who develop a tolerance or dependence are at risk of developing addictions, due to the drug’s ability to relax the central nervous system. Lastly, oxycodone can often be made available for use with Percocet, creating a highly addictive combination.
Alcohol works to depress the nervous system, producing calming effects for some. In addition to the effects that alcohol produces like slow reflexes, nausea, and poor coordination, those drinking alcohol with opioids can become addicted to the feeling the combination produces. Lastly, those who combine alcohol and oxycodone and are older have a higher risk of respiratory depression.
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Signs And Symptoms Of Oxycodone Withdrawal
Withdrawals occur when someone continuously abuses a chemical and becomes addicted. The individual will feel the effects of dependence if they stop using it. In the case of opioids, someone can experience the following symptoms that include but are not limited to:
- Mood swings
- Panic attacks
The symptoms of withdrawal vary depending on the severity of the addiction. The first 6 to 30 hours can produce feelings of tiredness, sweating, and anxiety and at 72 hours some can experience vomiting, chills, and diarrhea. Combining opioids with alcohol makes someone more vulnerable to alcohol withdrawal, as well as opioid withdrawal symptoms. Some of the most commonly reported side effects include, but are not limited to:
- Mood swings
- Delirium Tremens
- High blood pressure
The Effects Of Alcohol Withdrawal
In addition to these symptoms, someone may find it hard to stop abusing this deadly combination in an attempt to feel normal. Furthermore, someone can sustain withdrawal symptoms for months and up to a year. This is called Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS) and includes other types of withdrawal symptoms. The help of a qualified medical professional could provide the needed support through detox and 24 hour monitored care, getting those in need on track to recovery.
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Combining alcohol with oxycodone can further inflate symptoms surrounding opioid use disorders.
Medications For Alcohol And Opioid Withdrawal
Typical medications for withdrawal function to reduce drug cravings, and fight against symptoms like depression. Medications like Naltrexone are ideal for opioids as they are commonly used for opioid-related overdoses. Secondly, drugs like buprenorphine and Methadone bind to the opioid receptors in the brain and can help with withdrawal symptoms. Acamprosate and Disulfiram are helpful for alcohol-related use disorders to stop alcohol withdrawal symptoms.
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Suffering a substance use disorder may be challenging, but all hope is not lost. Individuals needing help can access medications and treatments like cognitive behavioral therapy (which uncovers behaviors and teaches healthier behavioral changes), 12-step programs, and counseling. Get the help you or your loved one needs. Contact a qualified treatment provider today and discover treatment options.