What Is Phone Addiction?
Phone addiction is the obsessive use of a smartphone. The behavioral addiction is often dubbed as “nomophobia,” or the fear of being without a mobile device. There are over 3.8 billion smartphone users in the world. Research published by Virgin Mobile discovered that those billions of smartphone users receive 427% more messages and notifications than they did a decade ago. They also send 278% more texts. The rise in phone use seems like a natural necessity for modern life, but it’s also causing concern. The heavy use of these devices has consumers questioning their cellular habits. According to Google Trends, since 2004 searches for “cell phone addiction” have been rising.
Designed To Be Addictive
Access to a smartphone can make life easier by making information accessible. Still, the convenience comes at a price. The devices are carefully designed to be hard to put down. Through its colors, sounds, and vibrations, the technology purposely keeps its users engaged. According to former Google design ethicist Tristan Harris, features like “pull to refresh” were inspired by slot machines and other casino games. Designers and engineers meticulously develop every aspect of the device to create fanatic users.
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Negative Effects Of Phone Addiction
Chronic phone use is a recently developed form of addiction. The American Psychiatric Association does not officially recognize the condition. Still, it is acknowledged as a behavioral addiction by many medical professionals and researchers worldwide. According to several studies, over time, the devoted use of smartphones can alter and negatively impact an individual much like gambling.
Phone addiction can lead to:
- Sleep deficit
- Lower concentration
- Creativity blocks
- Aggravated attention deficit disorders
- Diminished deep thinking and processing
- Impaired parent-child relationship
- Poor academic performance
- Psychological disorders
Chronic phone use can also cause other physical dysfunctions, which are highly correlated to substance use disorders like GABA dysfunction and a loss of grey matter.
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Chronic phone overuse is proven to change reward circuits in the brain chemically. One of the primary warped neurotransmitters is gabapentin (GABA). GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter that produces a calming or euphoric effect. It can even control fear and anxiety. The inhibitor plays a significant role in addiction by rewarding substance use and reinforcing addictive behaviors.
Research shows that chronic phone use can increase or decrease GABA production. Disturbances to the GABA system are proven to be a warning sign of addiction. In a study by the Radiological Society of North America, heavy phone use was linked to an upsetting ratio of GABA to other neurotransmitters. When the teen test subjects received cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for the disorder, their brain chemistry reverted to a non-addicted ratio.
Decrease In Grey Matter
Grey matter is a part of the central nervous system responsible for enabling individuals to control movement, memory, and emotions. A recent study scanned participants’ brains with a phone addiction and discovered a change in their brain’s grey matter. According to the researchers, the physical shape and size of their brains resembled that of drug users. Grey matter volume among people addicted to their phones diminished in critical areas, a condition similarly observed in people battling a substance addiction.
It is important to note that there has also been a rise in depression and suicide among teenagers in recent years, alongside phone addiction. Adolescent girls are particularly susceptible to the risk. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, between 2010-2015, the suicide rate rose by 65%. At the same time, the rate of severe depression among girls increased by 58%. Many researchers believe the rise in suicides is a direct reflection of the negative effects of phone addiction.
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Signs And Symptoms Of Phone Addiction
There is a fine line between healthy and compulsive mobile use. Depending too heavily on a device can lead to a mobile addiction. A scholarly journal published by the National Library of Medicine reports that 6.3% of the overall population is addicted to their smartphone. The pattern of abuse is greatest among those under 30, with an average of 16% of adolescents addicted. Though chronic phone use is prevalent, how can you distinguish between “normal” phone use and phone addiction?
Below are a few ways to discern if someone is battling a phone addiction:
- Hiding phone usage.
- Lying about their smartphone use to others.
- Loved ones expressing concern about their phone use.
- Neglect or trouble completing duties at work, school, or home due to chatting, scrolling, surfing, texting, or playing mobile games.
- Phantom vibrations (you think the phone dings when it doesn’t).
- Checking peoples profiles repeatedly due to anxiety.
- Accidents or injury due to phone use.
- Working later to complete tasks.
- Weak or non-existent social life.
- Isolation from loved ones.
- A feeling of lack of connection.
- Angry or irritated if phone use is interrupted or can not be reached.
- Getting up at night to check phone.
- Sense of dread or panic if the phone is left at home or battery dies.
- Reaching for the phone the moment they are alone or bored.
- More and more time using a phone.
- Limiting phone use is difficult.
- Craving access to your smartphone or another device.
It is essential to remember that there is no specific amount of time, frequency, or messages sent that indicate phone addiction. Yet, an accumulation of the above warning signs is an indicator of an underlying phone use problem.
Phone Addiction Treatment
Phone addiction is pervasive. Still, there are ways to combat and treat the disorder. There are specialized addiction treatment centers that can help. Some of these detox centers offer a variety of programs to help their patients kick the digital addiction.
Below are a few treatments used by facilities to treat phone addiction:
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy
- Group therapy
- Marriage or couples counseling
- Group support (ex: Internet Tech Addiction Anonymous)
- Motivational interviewing
- Medication-assisted treatment
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Find Treatment For Phone Addiction
Though smartphones are an excellent resource, they are also dangerous tools, especially for children and young adults. The extent of issues that arise from excessive phone use is still not completely understood. However, as science continues to link health problems to cell phone use, it is essential to be proactive.
If you are worried about yourself or a loved one, there is help available. Do not let your phone consume your life. Take an empowered step towards recovery by contacting a treatment provider today.